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The Pomeranian is the tiniest of the Spitz (hunting, herding and pulling sled), or Nordic breeds which include dogs such as the Akita, Norwegian Elkhound, Alaskan malamute or Siberian Husky, but they have the bravado and magnetism of their much larger counterparts. The Pomeranian weighs less than 7 pounds, but they think big because they have a big heart. Everything about the Pomeranian is bright, his eyes, his temperament and intelligence. Though he’s very fond of his family and delighted to get some lap time, he’s also a busy little guy. You are more likely to find him trotting around your house on an important mission than snoozing on the couch. The small, erect ears are set high. The breed is compact and sturdy, with an abundant textured coat, with a highly plumed tail set high and flat on its back. The top coat forms a ruff of fur on the neck, which Poms are well known for, and they also have a fringe of feathery hair on the hindquarters. They come in the widest variety of colors of any dog breed, including white, black, brown, red, orange, cream, blue, sable, black and tan, brown and tan, spotted, plus combinations of those colors. The most common colors are orange, black or cream/white.


The Pomeranian got its name though not originating from the region of Pomeranian, which is now the area of Germany and Poland, where it was miniaturized. The forerunners of today’s Pomeranian breed were large working dogs from the arctic region, originally weighing 20 to 30 pounds. These dogs were commonly known as the Wolfspitz or Spitz type, which is German for “sharp point” which was the term used to reference the dog’s nose and muzzle. The English Kennel Club recognize the breed in 1870, however, the breed only grew in popularity when Queen Victoria imported one from Italy. She worked to improve and promote the Pomeranian by importing even smaller dogs of different colors from various European countries to add to her breeding program. The first breed club was set up in England in 1891, and the first breed standard was written shortly afterwards. In 1912, two Pomeranians were among only three dogs to survive the sinking of the Titanic.


The Pomeranian has a proud and glamorous appearance with a personality to match. He’s an extrovert who is clever and lively. It’s hard to appear in public with a Pom and not attract attention. They tend to be  very friendly, playful and a lively breed of dog. They love to be around their owners and are known to protect them. They have a take charge attitude and tend not to be intimidated by other dogs or strangers. Pomeranians are somewhat defensive of their territory and thus will bark when encountering outside noise. They’re intelligent, respond well to training and can be very successful at getting what they want. A well trained, well socialized Pom is calm and easy to live with. They enjoy sitting on your lap and giving kisses, are active but don’t bounce off the walls. House training does not always come easy to them. They can be stubborn about going outside to potty especially if it’s raining or cold outside. Consider paper training a Pom as a compromise, so both of you have an option if the weather is bad. The very long, double coat should be brushed frequently. If you work from the head, parting the coat and brushing forward, it will fall neatly back in place, so the task, although time consuming is relatively easy. The Pom is a constant shedder; however the cottony coat sheds once or twice a year. Dry shampoo when necessary and clean the eyes and ears daily.


The life expectancy of a Pomeranians is 12 to 16 years. A well-bred dog, on a good diet, with appropriate exercise, will have few health problems, and if kept trim and fit, a Pomeranian is a sturdy dog. Tiny dogs often come with big health problems, and the Pom is no exception. Many of the health problems common to toy dogs, such as a collapsing trachea, joint dysplasia and a hip problem called Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (condition causes reduced blood supply to the head of the rear leg bone).  Health Issues may also develop in dogs who are not properly groomed. They are prone to tooth loss and it is recommended feeding them dry dog food. Pom puppies tend to be fairly fragile due to their size.


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