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Dog Breed of the Day
  Border Collie
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Border Collie

Border Collie

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Arguably considered the World’s best herding dog, the Border Collie is smart, an intense worker with legendary focus that when applied to a set task, gets positive, effective results. The Border Collie’s most noticeable features are its intelligence, incredible agility, obedience, and incredible sense of loyalty to its owner. Do not take that intelligence for granted though, because this is among the smartest of all breeds and one whose owners need to pay attention or they might find that they have been outsmarted. The Border Collie is a medium sized dog; they have double coats, and when they have short hair, the coat remains smooth, as their hair grows longer, the texture of the coat becomes wavy and course. The Border Collies’ many different colors and color combinations include the solid color, bi color, tri color, merle, and sable colored. Often white patches are found about the dog’s body or head. Due to the Border Collie muscular structure, the dog is able to run gracefully and have a tireless, effortless stride, changing direction and covering ground almost effortlessly. The Border Collie’s stamina and agility also allows it to remain active for long periods. Today, the collie is more likely to be pampered as a house pet than toiling in the field as a farm or field dog. It adapts well to a many home environments, so long as they are given plenty of exercise on a daily basis.


Though the exact origins of the Border Collie are unknown, the belief that they originated in the border country between Scotland and England. The Collie has been called Collis, Colley, Coaly, names that probably derived from col or coll, the Anglo-Saxon word for black. Others have said that the name comes from of the sheep that the dogs worked. The British first began using dogs to help guard and herd sheep.  In the border country between Scotland and England, the herding dog became one of the most valuable assets a shepherd could have, and the best working dogs were made to breed with each other. As Borders often tended their flock alone, they had to think independently and be able to run around 50 miles a day in hilly country. These herding dogs became associated with the areas in which they were used, and were represented in name by their regions such as Welsh Sheepdogs, Northern Sheepdogs, Highland Collies, and Scotch Collies. the Border Collie today is still recognized as the premier sheepherding dog. The breed’s superior herding ability leads many fanciers to advocate breeding Border Collies only to working, not conforming to standards.


Highly energetic, the Border Collie is intelligent, obedient and loyal to their masters. Eager to learn, the breed is most in its element when challenged with difficult tasks. Its training ability and responsiveness to praise are due to its eagerness to please. Collies are represented among the leaders in competitive levels in various sports, excelling in agility skills, obedience, sheepdog trials and Frisbee. These competitions are right up their alley, and they are commonly used to win. Expecting a Border Collie to spend his days in the backyard and his evenings keeping you company while you watch your favorite TV shows is a sure way to create a barking, bored, destructive dog instead of a calm, well behaved, loyal companion you thought you were bringing home. Due to their demanding personalities and need for mental stimulation and exercise, many Collies develop neurotic behaviors in households that are not able to provide for their needs. The breed’s herding traits, an intense stare, crouching, creeping movement, and gathering behavior, will be turned on children, other pets, and vehicles if the dog isn’t provided with guidance, training and an outlet for instinct to round up and bring people and objects together. They are infamous for chewing hole in walls, destructive biting or chewing on furniture, and digging holes out of boredom. One of the prime reasons for getting rid of a Border Collie is their unsuitability for families with small children, cats and other dogs, due to their string desire to herd. Due to their work heritage, the Border Collies are very demanding, playful, and energetic that they are better off in households that can provide them with plenty of play and exercise with humans or other dogs. You can keep this breed in and apartment as long as you are extremely physically active, doing something your dog can also do, such as training for marathons or cycling.


Border Collies are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they’re prone to certain health conditions. Not all Border Collies will get any or all of these illnesses, but it’s important to be aware of them if you’re considering this breed. This breed has a 10 to 14 year lifespan, and is prone to minor health issues such as seizures, progressive retinal atrophy, and hip dysplasia, among other diseases.

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